The worst thing you can do if you are arrested for drunk driving is to refuse to take the breathalyzer. You do not have the right to refuse to take the test, and the penalties for refusal and DUI are the same. Thus all you are doing is making it easier for the state to take your driver's license.
Refusal is Easier to Prove Than DUI
This is because in order to prove a refusal case, all the state has to do is prove that the police had probable cause to believe you were driving drunk, thus justifying your arrest and a directive to give a breath sample, and you refused to do so after a standardized statement is read to you.
In order to prove a DUI/DWI case, on the other hand, the state must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that you were operating a motor vehicle within the limits of the municipality where you were charged, and at the time you were impaired by alcohol.
How It Screws Up Your DUI Defense
In point of fact, refusing the breathalyzer screws up your defense to a DWI. Here are some examples of why:
- What if the state can't prove conclusively that you were driving? There have been cases where the defendant could have been acquitted on that basis, but due to his refusal to give breath samples, ended up with the fines and license suspension anyway!
- What if you gave the breath samples and the breathalyzer reading was below .08%, the presumptive level for drunk driving? With a refusal, you would never know.
- What if you agree to give breath samples, but the police can't get the machine to work properly? Or the readings are too far apart to be "within tolerance" and thus not admissible as evidence against you?
- What if you suffered from COPD or some other lung condition that would prevent you from giving a sufficient breath sample for the machine? You did not refuse, but the police could not get a reading to use against you.
- What if this would be your first offense and if you had given the breath samples, the reading would have been .094%? In that instance, the license suspension would be three months. If you refuse, you would be sentenced to a suspension of 7 to 12 months!
The Breathalyzer Isn't The Only Proof You're Drunk
Even without a breathalyzer reading, if the state can prove you were driving, the results of your field sobriety test (heel-to-toe walk, nose touch, one leg stand) may be enough to convince a judge that you were drunk.
For this reason, problems with the breathalyzer or the breath sample might not be enough to save you. However, if the sobriety test outcome was iffy, you would have the basis to argue a deal with the prosecutor.
So What Should I Do?
If you have been charged with drunk driving in southern New Jersey, please feel free to call me at 856-432-4113 or contact me through this site to schedule a free consultation in my Woodbury office.
If you are looking for more information on New Jersey's drunk driving law, then download my free book, How Much Trouble Am I In? A Guide to New Jersey Drunk Driving Law.